Tag Archives: ingredients to avoid

READ THE LABEL [CHAPTER 8] Artificial Dyes

Source: nutritionaloutlook.comOh boy. The more we go through these chapters, the more it scares me how much we trust big business to supply us with “choices.” Are we really given choices? Or is it more of the same stuff just in different wrappers and different price points? It’s only the educated consumer that really knows how to choose properly and demands change.

Why the heck is there artificial dye in food, medicine, cosmetics and clothing? Well, sadly, it goes back to marketing. It’s the idea of “How can we attract buyers quickly and get them to consume more and faster?” Further, psychological tests have been performed for years on how the general consumer (you and me) makes decisions based on color, smell, taste, feel, and other emotional connections. Simply put, the economics of life is all about supply and demand. And we surely know how much that big business wants us to demand! Just to put it in perspective of big business; L’Oreal made a gross profit of $11,500,737,664.61 US Dollars in the FIRST HALF of 2013!  I can’t even say that number!

Wikipedia goes on to say that artificial dyes are used to:

  • offset color loss due to exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, moisture and storage conditions
  • correct natural variations in color
  • enhance colors that occur naturally
  • provide color to colorless and “fun” foods

Why do you think certain colors such as oranges, yellows and reds are used for fast food chains? Those colors induce hunger, and there are studies to prove it.

It’s used in cosmetics to attract us to beauty and sex.

The Truth About Artificial Dye in Food

I’m sure you’ve heard some news hype about kids being hyperactive from eating food coloring. Is it true? Indeed, it is! These stories are only backed by recent studies that demonstrate children who eat additives are more likely to have behavioral problems than those who do not. Check out more info below for each artificial color.

The 9 FDA-Approved Colors for Food, Drugs & Cosmetics

Whenever you see FD&C, this stands for Food, Drug and Cosmetics. You’ll often see this acronym associated with artificial dyes that the FDA has approved as safe for those applications.

The numbers of these certified colors should give you an idea just how many colors have been invented; and aren’t approved for use. FYI – these are considered GRAS by the FDA; generally recognized as safe artificial dyes. It’s important to note that the safety of artificial dyes is viewed differently in other parts of the world. Below is strictly related to the FDA FD&C colors.

Blues 1 & 2

In the United Kingdom, Smarties chocolates were colored with Brilliant Blue FCF (top) until 2008, later being replaced with a natural spirulina coloring (bottom).
Wikipedia.com: In the United Kingdom, Smarties chocolates were colored with Brilliant Blue FCF (top) until 2008, later being replaced with a natural spirulina coloring (bottom).

Blue 1 aka Brilliant Blue is produced using hydrocarbons and petroleum. Combined with tartrazine (coal tar); yes coal tar; it can create shades of green. This dye isn’t absorbed by intestines very well so it will come out when we move our bowls; that’s about 95% of blue dye that our body doesn’t know what to do with!

According to Wikipedia: You’ll find Blue 1 in ice cream, canned peas, packet soups, bottled food colorings, icings, ice pops, blue raspberry flavored products, dairy products, candy and drinks, especially the liqueur blue curacao. It is also used in soaps, shampoos, mouthwash and other hygiene and cosmetics applications. In soil science, Brilliant Blue is applied in tracing studies to visualize infiltration and water distribution in the soil.

Blue 2 aka Indigo is used for a variety of reasons in addition to FD&C applications. It’s used in medical procedures to show the urinary tract path of fluid so health practitioners can identify any obstructions or leaks. There is some danger associated with increasing blood pressure. In its concentrated state, Indigo blue may be harmful to the respiratory tract if inhaled. It is also an irritant to the skin and eyes.

Green 3
Also known as FAST Green; this beautiful shade of turquoise
is banned in EU  and other countries in food. While it is one of the safer dyes; our intestines, however, do not absorb it very well. It has caused growth inhibition in rats in a lab studies. Wikipedia states that it can be used for tinting canned green peas and other vegetables, jellies, sauces, fish, desserts and dry bakery mixes. (I’m thinking why dye a fish green??)

So while the FDA considers this dye safe; it has been found to create tumors in experimental animals, as well as mutagenic effects in both experimental animals and humans. It furthermore risks irritation of eyes, skin, digestive tract, and respiratory tract in its undiluted form.

Acute symptoms/signs of exposure to Green 3:
Eyes: Redness, tearing, itching, burning, conjunctivitis (eye infections).
Skin: Redness, itching.Ingestion: Irritation and burning sensations of mouth and throat, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
Inhalation: Irritation of mucous membranes, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath.
If you’re not convinced, check out the MSDS below in the source list for emergency response when you consume or expose yourself to Fast Green.

Reds 3 & 40

Red 3  – Also known as erythrosine; this cherry pink artificial dye commonly used in food coloring, candies, popsicles, cake-decorating, printing inks and for medical use. In the 90s the FDA  instituted a partial ban on erythrosine, citing research that high doses have been found to cause cancer in rats (Washington Post).

In June 2008, the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) petitioned the FDA for a complete ban on erythrosine in the United States (CBS news). Although several toxicology tests and review of other reported studies concluded that erythrosine does not cause mutations (George, et al 1986).

Red 40  – Aka Allura Red, is also produced by coal tar or petroleum and is the most commonly used dye in the United States. A 2007 report from Southampton University questioned the safety of azo food dyes (the type of dye that makes Red 40) in three year old and 8-9 year old children (McCann, et al 2007). Studies have shown that children who eat red dye are more likely to be active and out of control than those who avoid it. Reactions have been reported about reactions to Red-40, such as children recovering from ADHD, OCD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (whatever that is), and sleep disturbances after the dye was eliminated from their diet. Allura red is banned in several European countries in food. Red 40 is used in some tattoo inks, makeup, lipstick, and several consumable products such as candy, soft drinks and children’s medications.

I’m personally highly allergic to Red 40 as its used to dye farm-raised salmon. I actually experience anaphylaxis where my throat closes up and I suffocate. Interestingly, the Benadryl needed to combat this histamine reaction is also dyed with Red 40!

Yellows 5 & 6
Like red and blue artificial dyes, artificial yellow is also
made of Tartrazine;  coal tar. If people are allergic to artificial dyes, it’s more commonly associated with artificial yellow dyes.

Yellow 5  – Norway has banned its use, while Austria and Germany restrict its use. People who are asthmatic and those who are allergic to aspirin are most likely to be intolerant of it.

While there’s no evidence to prove it, some say Yellow 5 provokes asthma attacks, itching and hives occur, anxiety, headache, depression, blurred vision, rash, weakness, heat waves, runny nose, and sleep disturbances.

Yellow 6 – Can cause allergic reactions, especially to those intolerant to aspirin. Can cause upset stomach, diarrhea, vomiting, rash and liver toxicity.

Orange B
FDA restricts its use to the casing on hot dogs and sausages.

Citrus Red 2 
The FDA restricts its use to spray the
skin of oranges. Why? To make them appeal more “orange” so you can buy it!!  Why does the FDA restrict it to the outside of oranges only? Because it is a carcinogen. Because the skins are so thick, it is not absorbed into the pulp. But if you peel the orange with your fingers, then you touch the fruit, it’s called cross contamination! You should wash and peel your oranges before eating them, and wash your hands after handling the skin before you begin eating. Just buy organic!

Just Avoid These Dyes all Together
I haven’t found any data linking exposure of artificial dyes and cosmetics; however, it’s still being applied to the body! Just reduce your overall exposure to chemicals.

Most of these dyes can be easily avoided. Just be an educated consumer and read the labels. Avoid processed foods, because they are LOADED with just crap. Sorry folks, almost all candy has food coloring in it, even your favorite M&Ms with Blue Lake, Red 40, Yellow 6, etc. Even your favorite chips; e.g. Cheetos, Doritos, etc. have dye!!

There are natural dyes out there like beets for red; spinach for green; turmeric or saffron for yellow, annatto for red/orange/yellow variations, berries for blue.

Feel free to share your experience with natural dyes or artificial dyes.

Stay tuned for more excerpts from my presentation “READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural and Organic Skin Care.”

Written by Dahlia Kelada, from her presentation READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural & Organic Skin Care  © 2014 All Rights Reserved

L’Oreal is Bankin’


MSDS Fast Green

Donna McCann, Angelina Barrett, Alison Cooper, Debbie Crumpler, Lindy Dalen, Kate Grimshaw, Elizabeth Kitchin, Kris Lok, Lucy Porteous, Emily Prince, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, John Warner, Jim Stevenson (November 3, 2007). “Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial”. The Lancet 370 (9598): 1560–1567. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61306-3. PMID 17825405. Retrieved 2010-12-14.

FDA: Red Dye’s Reluctant Regulator; Partial Ban Points to Limitations of 30-Year-Old Delaney Clause, The Washington Post, February 7, 1990

FDA Urged To Ban Some Food Dyes, CBS News, June 3, 2008

Lin, George H. Y.; Brusick, David J. (1986). “Mutagenicity studies on FD&C Red No.3”. Mutagenesis 1 (4): 253–259. doi:10.1093/mutage/1.4.253. PMID 2457780

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Aluminum is the third most naturally abundant element in the environment, found in food, water, pharmaceutical as well as a wide range of consumer products. Aluminum is commonly found in products such as:

  • Aluminum Deodorant & Antisperants Antiperspirants
  • Toothpaste
  • Dental implants
  • Nasal sprays
  • Processed cheeses
  • Salt
  • Baking soda
  • Pickles
  • Bleached flour
  • Prepared doughs
  • Case mixes
  • Non-dairy creamers
  • Vanilla powders
  • Donuts and waffles
  • Milk formulas
  • Utensils/pots and pans
  • Antacids
  • Containers
  • Vaccines
  • Pain killers
  • Anti-diarrhea
  • Cigarette fillers
  • Pesticides

So why should we care?
Simply put, aluminum attacks our central nervous system. The Department of Neurology and Psychiatry at Saint Louis University states that aluminum may cause liver toxicity and lead to degenerative symptoms, including Alzheimer’s Disease (Brenner, 2013). While additional research shows this that it may be
be linked to onset of Alzheimer’s Disease; the FDA argues it does not. Meanwhile, the University of California studies shows it is linked to brain inflammation and brain disease (Bondy, 2010). Studies show that toxic metals contribute to brain diseases by producing oxidative stress and aluminum is one of the worst offenders (Kumar, 2009).

Did you know? (Oct 2013) New research from the UK found that a range of well known brands of baby formula sold contains 100 x more aluminum than breast milk (published in the journal BMC Pediatrics, examined 30 types of formula sold in the UK, including infant first milks and toddler milks.)

What about aluminum in antiperspirants? Is it linked to breast cancer?
Aluminum-based compounds are used as the active ingredient in antiperspirants; which basically clog the pores so that you do not sweat. Deodorants, on the other hand, have the main duty of preventing odor; they do not stop perspiration.

At the time of my research, there was insufficient scientific evidence to support a claim that use of cosmetics such as antiperspirants increase an individual’s risk of developing breast cancer. Researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), a part of the National Institutes of Health, are not aware of any conclusive evidence linking the use of underarm antiperspirants or deodorants and the subsequent development of breast cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates food, cosmetics, medicines, and medical devices, also does not have any evidence or research data that ingredients in underarm antiperspirants or deodorants cause cancer.

2001 Study –  Linking Aluminum to Breast Cancer Cells
This study suggested that aluminum has estrogen-interfering effects and could increase the risk of breast cancer. This study also showed that the amount of aluminum absorbed through the skin from antiperspirants is 40 times less than average daily exposure from food and water.

Because estrogen has the ability to promote the growth of breast cancer cells, some scientists have suggested that the aluminum-based compounds in antiperspirants may contribute to the development of breast cancer (Darbre, 2005).

This preliminary study showed that the use of aluminum chlorohydrate, the active ingredient in many antiperspirants, does not lead to a significant (vs. ingestion via diet) increase in aluminum levels in the body with one-time use (Flarend, 2001).

2002 Study  – Time of Applying Antiperspirant/Deodorant After Shaving
This study also did not show any increased risk for breast cancer in women who reported using an underarm antiperspirant or deodorant. The results also showed no increased breast cancer risk for women who reported using a blade (nonelectric) razor and an underarm antiperspirant or deodorant, or for women who reported using an underarm antiperspirant or deodorant within 1 hour of shaving with a blade razor. These conclusions were based on interviews with 813 women with breast cancer and 793 women with no history of breast cancer (Mirick, 2002, cancer.gov).

2003 Study – Shaving Frequency & Antiperspirant/Deodorant Use
Findings from a different study examining the frequency of underarm shaving and antiperspirant/deodorant use among 437 breast cancer survivors were released in 2003 (McGrath, 2003). This study found that the age of breast cancer diagnosis was significantly earlier in women who used these products and shaved their underarms more frequently. Furthermore, women who began both of these underarm hygiene  habits before 16 years of age were diagnosed with breast cancer at an earlier age than those who began these habits later. While these results suggest that underarm shaving with the use of antiperspirants/deodorants may be related to breast cancer, it does not demonstrate a conclusive link between these underarm hygiene habits and breast cancer (cancer.gov).

Photo Source: nichropulse.com
Photo Source: nichropulse.com

2006 Study – Antiperspirant Use on Women With & Without Breast Cancer
Researchers examined antiperspirant use and other factors among 54 women with breast cancer and 50 women without breast cancer. The study found no association between antiperspirant use and the risk of breast cancer; however, family history and the use of oral contraceptives were associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (Fakri, et. al., & 2006; cancer.gov)

What does the FDA say about its use in body and skin care products?

The FDA views aluminum as GRAS; generally recognized as safe. While the FDA acknowledges that small amounts of aluminum can be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and through the skin; the overwhelming mass of toxicity data available does not indicate any risk of harmful effects from using any cosmetic products that contain aluminum.

The FDA now requires all antiperspirant products to include a warning statement that advises people with kidney disease to consult a physician before using the product.

Aluminum powder is FDA approved as safe for use for coloring cosmetics.When used in a cosmetic product, per FDA regulations, the safety of the ingredient must be substantiated by the manufacturer of the product. When the ingredient is used as an over-the-counter (OTC) drug active ingredient, such as in antiperspirants, a manufacturer can only use the aluminum active ingredients that have been approved as safe and effective by the FDA in the OTC antiperspirant monograph and these products can only be used according to the guidelines established in this monograph.

So what is the alternative to aluminum-based antiperspirants?
Surprisingly, there are quite a few products on the market today that do not contain parabens or aluminum in deodorants and antiperspirants. Look for items in the “natural” section of your grocery store or online and read the ingredients. Look for products that are aluminum-free. Some natural deodorants and antiperspirants ingredients include any combination of mineral salts, potassium alum, baking soda, arrow root powder, witch hazel, essential oils.

Evidence will always be conflicting; but as I always say, it’s best to have a life goal of reducing your overall exposure to chemicals. — Dahlia

Stay tuned for more excerpts from my presentation “READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural and Organic Skin Care.”

Written by Dahlia Kelada, from her presentation READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural & Organic Skin Care  © 2013 All Rights Reserved



“Antiperspirants/Deodorants and Breast Cancer: Questions and Answers”. USA Today. October 17, 2002.

“Antiperspirant Drug Products For Over-the-Counter Human Use; Final Monograph”. U.S. Food and Drug Administration

“Antiperspirant Chemical Found in Breast Tumors”. WebMD Health News.

“Concern over deodorant chemicals”. BBC News. January 11, 2004.

Bondy, SC (2010). The neurotoxicity of environmental aluminum is still an issue. Neurotoxicology. 2010 Sep;31(5):575-81. doi: 10.1016/j.neuro.2010.05.009. Epub 2010 May 27. Review.

Brenner S. (2013) Aluminum may mediate Alzheimer’s disease through liver toxicity, with aberrant hepatic synthesis of ceruloplasmin and ATPase7B, the resultant excess free copper causing brain oxidation, beta-amyloid aggregation and Alzheimer disease. Med Hypotheses. 2013 Mar;80(3):326-7. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2012.11.036. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Darbre PD. Aluminium, antiperspirants and breast cancer. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 2005; 99(9):1912–1919. [PubMed Abstract]

Fakri S, Al-Azzawi A, Al-Tawil N. (2006) Antiperspirant use as a risk factor for breast cancer in Iraq. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 2006; 12(3–4):478–482. [PubMed Abstract]

Flarend R, Bin T, Elmore D, Hem SL. (February 2001). “A preliminary study of the dermal absorption of aluminum from antiperspirants using aluminum-26”. Food Chem Toxicol 39 (2): 163–8. doi:10.1016/S0278-6915(00)00118-6. PMID 11267710.

ikas PD, Mansfield L, Mokbel K (September–October 2004). “Do underarm cosmetics cause breast cancer?”. Int J Fertil Womens Med 49 (5): 212–4. PMID 15633477.

Kumar V, Gill KD (2009). Aluminium neurotoxicity: neurobehavioural and oxidative aspects. Arch Toxicol. 2009 Nov;83(11):965-78. doi: 10.1007/s00204-009-0455-6. Epub 2009 Jul 1. Review.

Mirick DK, Davis S, Thomas DB (2002). Antiperspirant use and the risk of breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2002; 94(20):1578–1580. [PubMed Abstract]

McGrath KG (2003). An earlier age of breast cancer diagnosis related to more frequent use of antiperspirants/deodorants and underarm shaving. European Journal of Cancer 2003; 12(6):479–485. [PubMed Abstract]

McGrath KG (December 2003). “An earlier age of breast cancer diagnosis related to more frequent use of antiperspirants/deodorants and underarm shaving” (PDF). European Journal of Cancer Prevention 12 (6): 479–85. doi:10.1097/00008469-200312000-00006. PMID 14639125.

Mirick DK, Davis S, Thomas DB (October 2002). “Antiperspirant use and the risk of breast cancer”. J Natl Cancer Inst 94 (20): 1578–80. PMID 12381712.

Turner, L. Better Nutrition. Sep2006, Vol. 68 Issue 9, p28-30. 2p.

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READ THE LABEL [CHAPTER 6] Sodium Laurel Sulfate (SLS)

I decided to start with this ingredient because I recently met a lady who’s blood work showed she was allergic to this ingredient. The information presented is based on lots of research hours, and I’m breaking it down so it’s easy to digest. Hope you pay attention!

What is sodium laurel/ethyl/laureth sulfate (SLS)  and ammonium laurel sulfate (ALS)?  It’s artificial soap. (I can get technical, but what’s the point?)

babyshampooWhere you’ll find it:

  • detergents & dish soap
  • body soap
  • toothpaste
  • shampoo
  • face wash
  • medical ointments
  • bubble baths
  • children’s soaps/shampoos
  • hair dyes
  • flea/tick repellent
  • food additives
  • stain removers
  • carpet cleaners
  • fabric glues
  • shaving creams
  • mascara
  • mouthwash
  • lotions/creams

What are the effects of exposure?
SLS/ALS is a molecule that attaches to estrogen receptors, mimicking the effects of this hormone throughout the body. What happens next is hormonal chaos, to the point where the body can no longer control or recognize its own estrogen levels (both males and females have estrogen). When this happens, your body’s endocrine (hormonal) functions go wacky.

Here are some findings based on toxicology data and research studies. SLS/ALS:

  • Cannot be metabolized by the liver
  • Causes eye irritation (potential corneal damage/eye deformities)
  • Scalp irritation/hair follicle damage
  • effects estrogen levels (PMS, menopause, male fertility, increase risk of female cancer, breast cancer)
  • It’s a mutagen (mutates your genes)
  • Potential organ damage

A recent study by the non-profit, Environmental Working Group, showed that many cosmetic products, including more than half of all baby soaps, contained a carcinogenic chemical.

The Hidden Foaming Agent not Required to be Listed by the FDA
There’s a chemical called 1,4-dioxane that is created as a bi product (during manufacturing process) of creating chemicals such as SLS/ALS, and in anything that says “PEG,” “xynol, “ceteareth,” and “oleth.”

Basically, it’s another foaming agent, that too, is a cancer-causing chemical. Sadly, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) does NOT require this ingredient to be listed on products. The Environmental Working Group found that 22% of all cosmetic and skin care products, of some 25,000, may be contaminated with 1,4-dioxane.

Where you’ll find 1,4-dioxane:

  • 97% hair relaxers
  • 82% hair dyes and bleaching
  • 66% hair removers
  • 57% baby soap
  • 45% sunless tanning products
  • 43% body firming lotion
  • 36% hormonal creams
  • 36% facial moisturizers
  • 35% anti-aging products
  • 34% body lotions
  • 33% eye creams

Avoid using artificial soaps. You’ll usually find SLS/ALS (spelled out) in the ingredients list. It typically appears as the second item on the list, next to water. Try natural bar soaps (cold-processed made with lye) or castile soap.

Stay tuned for more excerpts from my presentation “READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural and Organic Skin Care.”

Written by Dahlia Kelada, from her presentation READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural & Organic Skin Care  © 2013 All Rights Reserved

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READ THE LABEL [CHAPTER 5] What does “natural” mean?

Source: newevolutiondesigns.com
Source: newevolutiondesigns.com

As you’ve probably guessed, “natural” means all kinds of things. Everyone seems to have their own definition. Here are a few I found just to put your mind at ease. (Yes, I’m being sarcastic.)

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) [As it applies to meat and poultry only.]

“Those products carrying the “natural” claim must not contain any artificial flavoring, color ingredients, chemical preservatives, or artificial or synthetic ingredients, and are only “minimally processed” defined by USDA as a process that does not fundamentally alter the raw product.”

The USDA further defines synthetic as:
“A substance that is formulated or manufactured by a chemical process or by a process that chemically changes a substance extracted from naturally occurring plant, animal, or mineral sources, except that such term shall not apply to substances created by naturally occurring biological processes.”

Federal Drug Administration (FDA)
Ingredients extracted directly from plants or animal products as opposed to being produced synthetically”

Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients
“Product that is derived from plant, animal or microbial sources, primarily through physical processing, sometimes facilitated by simple chemical reactions such as acidification, basification, ion exchange, hydrolysis, and salt formation as well as microbial fermentation.”

Consumers Union
[Publisher of Consumer Reports, which is an independent, nonprofit testing and information organization serving only consumers]

“Natural is a general claim that implies that the product or packaging is made from or innate to the environment and that nothing artificial or synthetic has been added.”

Other dictionary sources define “natural” as:

    • present in or produced by nature
    • produced using minimal physical processing
    • directly extracted using simple methods, simple chemical reactions or resulting from naturally occurring biological processes?

Natural ingredients are…

  • not produced synthetically
  • free of all petrochemicals
  • not extracted or processed using petrochemicals
  • not extracted or processed using anything other than natural ingredients as solvents
  • not exposed to radiation
  • not genetically engineered & do not contain GMOs (genetically modified organisms)

    Natural ingredients do…
  • not contain synthetic ingredients
  • not contain artificial ingredients including colors or flavoring
  • not contain synthetic chemical preservatives

So who regulates the labeling of “natural” products?
Sadly, there is not a single organization within the United States in 2013 that certifies skin care products as “natural.” It’s simply left to the ethical discretion of the manufacturer. If you’ve met me or sat in one of my presentations, you’ll know that some major brand names are playing mind games with their consumers. Be careful, be educated, and just boycott those products!

Remember, not all synthetic chemicals added to skin care is harmful, and not all products labeled as “natural” are safe.

Stay tuned for more excerpts from my presentation “READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural and Organic Skin Care.”

Written by Dahlia Kelada, from her presentation READ THE LABEL: Understanding Natural & Organic Skin Care  © 2013 All Rights Reserved

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